Bioinformatics resources for deciphering the biogenesis and action pathways of plant small RNAs

Bioinformatics resources for deciphering the biogenesis and action pathways of plant small RNAs The next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology has revolutionized our previous understanding of the plant genomes, relying on its innate advantages, such as high throughput and deep sequencing depth. In addition to the protein-coding gene loci, massive transcription signals have been detected within intergenic or intragenic regions. Most of these signals belong to non-coding ones, considering their weak protein-coding potential. Generally, these transcripts could be divided into long non-coding RNAs and small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) based on their sequence length. In addition to the well-known microRNAs (miRNAs), many plant endogenous sRNAs were collectively referred to as small interfering RNAs. However, an increasing number of unclassified sRNA species are being discovered by NGS. The high heterogeneity of these novel sRNAs greatly hampered the mechanistic studies, especially on the clear description of their biogenesis and action pathways. Fortunately, public databases, bioinformatics softwares and NGS datasets are increasingly available for plant sRNA research. Here, by summarizing these valuable resources, we proposed a general workflow to decipher the RDR (RNA-dependent RNA polymerase)- and DCL (Dicer-like)-dependent biogenesis pathways, and the Argonaute-mediated action modes (such as target cleavages and chromatin modifications) for specific sRNA species in plants. Taken together, we hope that by summarizing a list of the public resources, this work will facilitate the plant biologists to perform classification and functional characterization of the interesting sRNA species. Rice Springer Journals

Bioinformatics resources for deciphering the biogenesis and action pathways of plant small RNAs

Loading next page...
Springer US
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s).
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Genetics and Genomics; Plant Breeding/Biotechnology; Agriculture; Plant Ecology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial