Both overhydration and comorbidity predict mortality in end-stage kidney failure (ESKF) but it is not clear whether these are independent of one another. We undertook a systematic review of studies reporting outcomes in adult dialysis patients in which comorbidity and overhydration, quantified by whole body bioimpedance (BI), were reported. PubMed, EMBASE, PsychInfo and the Cochrane trial database were searched (1990–2017). Independent reviewers appraised studies including methodological quality (assessed using QUIPS). Primary outcome was mortality, with secondary outcomes including hospitalisation and cardiovascular events. Of 4028 citations identified, 46 matched inclusion criteria (42 cohorts; 60790 patients; 8187 deaths; 95% haemodialysis/5% peritoneal dialysis). BI measures included phase angle/BI vector (41%), overhydration index (39%) and extra:intracellular water ratio (20%). 38 of 42 cohorts had multivariable survival analyses (MVSA) adjusting for age (92%), gender (66%), diabetes (63%), albumin (58%), inflammation (CRP/IL6–37%), non-BI nutritional markers (24%) and echocardiographic data (8%). BI-defined overhydration (BI-OH) independently predicted mortality in 32 observational cohorts. Meta-analysis revealed overhydration >15% (HR 2.28, 95% CI 1.56–3.34, P < 0.001) and a 1-degree decrease in phase angle (HR 1.74, 95% CI 1.37–2.21, P < 0.001) predicted mortality. BI-OH predicts mortality in dialysis patients independent of the influence of comorbidity.
Scientific Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 13, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera