Biogenic amines regulate the reproductive function in Drosophila as neurohormones

Biogenic amines regulate the reproductive function in Drosophila as neurohormones We studied the influence of experimental increase in the octopamine and dopamine content on the level of juvenile hormone degradation, oogenesis, and fertility in wild type Drosophila virilis flies. Feeding of flies on octopamine led to a significantly decreased level of juvenile hormone degradation (increased titer) in young and sexually mature females, rather than in males, markedly decreased the number of vitellogenic (stages 8–10) and mature (stage 14) oocytes), and sharply reduced fertility. Feeding of flies on dopamine decreased the juvenile hormone degradation (increased titer) in young wild type females and increased it (lowered the juvenile hormone titer) in sexually mature females, as well as decreased the fertility of wild type females to a level characteristic for D. virilis line with a mutation doubling the endogenous dopamine level. A possible mechanism of the influence of these amines on the reproductive function in Drosophila as neurohormones is discussed and a conclusion is drawn that the reduced fertility of females at an increased level of amines appears to be related to an increased level of ecdysteroids, which is caused by an increased, as a result of decreased degradation, juvenile hormone titer. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Developmental Biology Springer Journals

Biogenic amines regulate the reproductive function in Drosophila as neurohormones

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Developmental Biology; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
ISSN
1062-3604
eISSN
1608-3326
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1062360407010067
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We studied the influence of experimental increase in the octopamine and dopamine content on the level of juvenile hormone degradation, oogenesis, and fertility in wild type Drosophila virilis flies. Feeding of flies on octopamine led to a significantly decreased level of juvenile hormone degradation (increased titer) in young and sexually mature females, rather than in males, markedly decreased the number of vitellogenic (stages 8–10) and mature (stage 14) oocytes), and sharply reduced fertility. Feeding of flies on dopamine decreased the juvenile hormone degradation (increased titer) in young wild type females and increased it (lowered the juvenile hormone titer) in sexually mature females, as well as decreased the fertility of wild type females to a level characteristic for D. virilis line with a mutation doubling the endogenous dopamine level. A possible mechanism of the influence of these amines on the reproductive function in Drosophila as neurohormones is discussed and a conclusion is drawn that the reduced fertility of females at an increased level of amines appears to be related to an increased level of ecdysteroids, which is caused by an increased, as a result of decreased degradation, juvenile hormone titer.

Journal

Russian Journal of Developmental BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 10, 2007

References

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