Silver nanoparticle-aided enhancement in the anti-corrosion potential and stability of plant extract as ecologically benign alternative for microbially induced corrosion treatment is demonstrated. Bioengineered silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) surface functionalized with plant extract material (proteinacious) was generated in vitro in a test tube by treating ionic AgNO3 with the leaf extract of Azadirachta indica that acted as dual reducing as well as stabilizing agent. Purity and crystallinity of the AgNPs, along with physical and surface characterizations, were evaluated by performing transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectra, single-area electron diffractions, zeta potential, and dynamic light scattering measurements. Anti-corrosion studies against mild steel (MS1010) by corrosion-inducive bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis EN2 isolated from cooling towers, were evaluated by performing electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), weight loss analysis, and surface analysis by infrared spectroscopy. Our studies revealed that AgNPs profoundly inhibited the biofilm on MS1010 surface and reduced the corrosion rates with the CR of 0.5 mm/y and an inhibition efficiency of 77% when compared to plant extract alone with a CR of 2.2 mm/y and an inhibition efficiency of 52%. Further surface analysis by infrared spectra revealed that AgNPs formed a protective layer of self-assembled film on the surface of MS1010. Additionally, EIS and surface analysis revealed that the AgNPs have inhibited the bacterial biofilm and reduced the pit on MS1010. This is the first report disclosing the application of bioengineered AgNP formulations as potent anti-corrosive inhibitor upon forming a protective layer over mild steel in cooling water towers.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 6, 2017
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