Based on data of a1996 benthos survey, the structure of soft bottom zoobenthos of Laspi Bay (South Coast of Crimea, the Black Sea) was examined. One hundred thirty-one species of macrozoobenthos, including 44 molluscan species, 43 annelids, 31 crustaceans and 13 species representing other groups, were recorded. Two biocenoses were distinguished: Chamelea gallina and Mytilus galloprovincialis within the depths 5–52 m. The first biocenosis was presented by two biocenosic complexes. Their structure was characterized using Shannon, Simpson, and Pielou indices. The representativeness of the basic taxonomic groups of the benthos was analyzed. The conclusion of the high species abundance of benthos in Laspi Bay was made. There were recorded changes in structure of the biocenoses, which were manifested in the development of sestonophage filterers (first of all, the mollusc Chamelea gallina) with increasing organic pollution of the coastal water areas of Black sea.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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