Biocontractile microfluidic channels for peristaltic pumping

Biocontractile microfluidic channels for peristaltic pumping Bio-actuated micro-pumps do not need any external power source and pose no risk of electrical or heat shock for the biological materials in lab-on-chip systems. Several different designs of bio-actuated micro-pumps based on the use of the contractile force of cultured cardiomyocites have been proposed earlier. Here we present a novel type of a bio-actuated micro-pump representing a microfluidic channel with a contractile wall. The flow inside the channel is generated by the peristaltic movement of its wall caused by the propagation of an excitation-contraction wave along the channels surface. The directional flow generated by the pump was demonstrated by tracking of polystyrene microspheres, moving in the direction of the propagation of the excitation-contraction wave with an average velocity of 6–8 μm/min. The suggested design of a micro-pump allows the control of pumping direction, which might be useful for targeted delivery of fluids and substances in lab-on-chip systems. Prospects of future development and implementation of this kind of bio-actuated peristaltic pumps are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biomedical Microdevices Springer Journals

Biocontractile microfluidic channels for peristaltic pumping

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Engineering; Biomedical Engineering; Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics; Nanotechnology; Engineering Fluid Dynamics
ISSN
1387-2176
eISSN
1572-8781
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10544-017-0216-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Bio-actuated micro-pumps do not need any external power source and pose no risk of electrical or heat shock for the biological materials in lab-on-chip systems. Several different designs of bio-actuated micro-pumps based on the use of the contractile force of cultured cardiomyocites have been proposed earlier. Here we present a novel type of a bio-actuated micro-pump representing a microfluidic channel with a contractile wall. The flow inside the channel is generated by the peristaltic movement of its wall caused by the propagation of an excitation-contraction wave along the channels surface. The directional flow generated by the pump was demonstrated by tracking of polystyrene microspheres, moving in the direction of the propagation of the excitation-contraction wave with an average velocity of 6–8 μm/min. The suggested design of a micro-pump allows the control of pumping direction, which might be useful for targeted delivery of fluids and substances in lab-on-chip systems. Prospects of future development and implementation of this kind of bio-actuated peristaltic pumps are discussed.

Journal

Biomedical MicrodevicesSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 9, 2017

References

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