Biochemical methane potential of brewery by-products

Biochemical methane potential of brewery by-products Beer production generates by-products with high energy potential, namely trub (Tr, dead yeast from the fermentation) and spent grain (SG, smashed barley grains). This work investigates the biochemical methane potential (BMP, volume of methane produced per volatile solids of substrate—L kg−1) of these by-products, performing batch anaerobic biodegradability assays. Single substrates were evaluated as well as a mixture of Tr:SG (1:9, weight), in order to simulate the relative proportion generated in breweries. Tr reached the highest BMP [(515 ± 4) L kg−1], still, considering the total amount of by-product available, the mixture of Tr:SG proved to be more rewarding in terms of volume of methane produced. The co-digestion of Tr:SG with crude glycerol (cGly), which was chosen as a co-substrate to promote a synergetic effect on their biodegradability, was assessed by adding different amounts of cGly, up to 33% (in weight). The assay with 10% of cGly achieved the highest methane production [(573 ± 9) L kg−1] and biodegradability [(94 ± 2) %], evidencing its potential for energy generation. The co-digestion of these by-products presented a potential electricity production of 206 kWh per cubic meter of beer produced, being capable of serving 80% of the brewer’s energy needs for heating. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy Springer Journals

Biochemical methane potential of brewery by-products

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Environment; Sustainable Development; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Industrial and Production Engineering; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology; Environmental Economics
ISSN
1618-954X
eISSN
1618-9558
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10098-017-1482-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Beer production generates by-products with high energy potential, namely trub (Tr, dead yeast from the fermentation) and spent grain (SG, smashed barley grains). This work investigates the biochemical methane potential (BMP, volume of methane produced per volatile solids of substrate—L kg−1) of these by-products, performing batch anaerobic biodegradability assays. Single substrates were evaluated as well as a mixture of Tr:SG (1:9, weight), in order to simulate the relative proportion generated in breweries. Tr reached the highest BMP [(515 ± 4) L kg−1], still, considering the total amount of by-product available, the mixture of Tr:SG proved to be more rewarding in terms of volume of methane produced. The co-digestion of Tr:SG with crude glycerol (cGly), which was chosen as a co-substrate to promote a synergetic effect on their biodegradability, was assessed by adding different amounts of cGly, up to 33% (in weight). The assay with 10% of cGly achieved the highest methane production [(573 ± 9) L kg−1] and biodegradability [(94 ± 2) %], evidencing its potential for energy generation. The co-digestion of these by-products presented a potential electricity production of 206 kWh per cubic meter of beer produced, being capable of serving 80% of the brewer’s energy needs for heating.

Journal

Clean Technologies and Environmental PolicySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 6, 2018

References

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