Cyanobacterial proliferation in river and lakes is the result of eutrophication. The cyanobacterium Radiocystis fernandoi strain R28 produces mostly two MC variants MC-RR and MC-YR and small amounts of other oligopeptides, but does not produce MC-LR. The present study investigated the hepatotoxic potential of the crude extract of the R. fernandoi strain R28 on the Neotropical fish, Piaractus mesopotamicus, at 3, 6, and 24 h after intraperitoneal injection (100 μg MC-LR equivalent per kg−1 body mass) using biochemical and morphological biomarkers of liver damage. Although the protein phosphatases PP1 and PP2A were not inhibited during the 24-h treatment, liver parenchyma and hepatocyte structure were disrupted. Alkaline phosphatase increased at 3 h post-injection and decreased after 24 h; alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase increased in a time-dependent manner up to 24 h indicating impaired liver function. Progressive histopathological changes were consistent with biochemical results demonstrating alterations in liver structure and function. In conclusion, the crude extract of R. fernandoi strain R28 has high hepatotoxic potential and can severely compromise fish health.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 21, 2018
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