Biobutanol: Biofuel of second generation

Biobutanol: Biofuel of second generation ISSN 1070-4272, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2008, Vol. 81, No. 12, pp. 2232−2236. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2008. Original Russian Text © O.I. Shapovalov, L.A. Ashkinazi, 2008, published in Khimicheskaya Promyshlennost’, 2008, Vol. 85, No. 4, pp. 203−208. ECONOMICS OF CHEMICAL INDUSTRY a b O. I. Shapovalov and L. A. Ashkinazi Scientifi c and Research Institute of Hydrolysis, St. Petersburg, Russia Academy of Application Research, St. Petersburg, Russia Received June 5, 2008 DOI: 10.1134/S1070427208120379 Industrial producing of butanol began in 1916. That First of all, butanol is used as industrial solvent. time was used a method of ABE fermentation (ABE World market for this product is estimately 350 million abbreviates acetone, butanol and ethanol) with bacteria gallons per year, of which 220 million gallon/year is the fraction consumed by USA. Butanol can be used instead Clostridia acetobutylicum. This microorganism was fi rst of gasoline even in higher degree than ethanol due to its isolated by Weizman (US Patent 1 315 585), a student physical properties, economy, safety and because it can of Luis Paster; the microorganism produces acetone. be applied without remodeling car engine. In the time of First World War, England asked the young microbiologist to resign Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Biobutanol: Biofuel of second generation

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SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright © 2008 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Chemistry; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Chemistry/Food Science, general
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