ISSN 1070-4272, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2008, Vol. 81, No. 12, pp. 2232−2236. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2008. Original Russian Text © O.I. Shapovalov, L.A. Ashkinazi, 2008, published in Khimicheskaya Promyshlennost’, 2008, Vol. 85, No. 4, pp. 203−208. ECONOMICS OF CHEMICAL INDUSTRY a b O. I. Shapovalov and L. A. Ashkinazi Scientiﬁ c and Research Institute of Hydrolysis, St. Petersburg, Russia Academy of Application Research, St. Petersburg, Russia Received June 5, 2008 DOI: 10.1134/S1070427208120379 Industrial producing of butanol began in 1916. That First of all, butanol is used as industrial solvent. time was used a method of ABE fermentation (ABE World market for this product is estimately 350 million abbreviates acetone, butanol and ethanol) with bacteria gallons per year, of which 220 million gallon/year is the fraction consumed by USA. Butanol can be used instead Clostridia acetobutylicum. This microorganism was ﬁ rst of gasoline even in higher degree than ethanol due to its isolated by Weizman (US Patent 1 315 585), a student physical properties, economy, safety and because it can of Luis Paster; the microorganism produces acetone. be applied without remodeling car engine. In the time of First World War, England asked the young microbiologist to resign
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 11, 2009
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