Recently, we established a mouse monoclonal antibody specific to hiPS/ hES cells, R-10G, which recognizes a type of keratan sulfate. Keratan sulfates (KS) comprise a family of glycosaminoglycans consisting of the repeating unit of [Gal-GlcNAc(6S)]. However, there is a diversity in the degree of sulfation at Gal and GlcNAc residues, and also in the mode of linkage, Galβ1 − 3GlcNAc (type 1) or Galβ1 − 4GlcNAc (type 2). To gain more insight into the binding specificity of R-10G, we carried out an ELISA test on avidin-coated plates using polyethylene glycol (PEG)3-biotinylated derivatives of a series of N-acetyllactosamine tetrasaccharides (keratan sulfates (KSs)). The results suggested that the minimum epitope structure is Galβ1 − 4GlcNAc(6S)β1 − 3Galβ1 − 4GlcNAc(6S)β1 (type 2- type 2 keratan sulfate). Removal of sulfate from GlcNAc(6S) or addition of sulfate to Gal abolished the binding activity almost completely. We also examined the binding specificity of TRA-1-60/81 in the same assay system. The minimum epitope structure was shown to be Galβ1 − 3GlcNAcβ1 − 3Galβ1 − 4GlcNAcβ1 in agreement with the previous study involving glycan arrays (Natunen et al., Glycobiology, 21, 1125–1130 (2011)). Interestingly, however, TRA-1-60/81 was shown to bind to Galβ1 − 3GlcNAc(6S)β1 − 3Galβ1 − 4GlcNAc(6S)β1 (type 1- type 2 keratan sulfate) dose-dependently, being more than one-third the binding activity toward Galβ1 − 3GlcNAcβ1 − 3Galβ1 − 4GlcNAcβ1 than in the case of TRA-1-60. In addition, a substrate specificity study on keratanase II revealed that keratanase II degraded not only “type 2-type 2 keratan sulfate” but also “type 1-type 2 keratan sulfate”, significantly.
Glycoconjugate Journal – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 14, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera