Binding of anticancer drug daunomycin to a TGGGGT G-quadruplex DNA probed by all-atom molecular dynamics simulations: additional pure groove binding mode and implications on designing more selective G-quadruplex ligands

Binding of anticancer drug daunomycin to a TGGGGT G-quadruplex DNA probed by all-atom molecular... DNA G-quadruplex structures are emerging cancer-specific targets for chemotherapeutics. Ligands that bind to and stabilize DNA G-quadruplexes have the potential to be anti-cancer drugs. Lack of binding selectivity to DNA G-quadruplex over DNA duplex remains a major challenge when attempting to develop G-quadruplex ligands into successful anti-cancer drugs. Thorough understanding of the binding nature of existing non-selective ligands that bind to both DNA quadruplex and DNA duplex will help to address this challenge. Daunomycin and doxorubicin, two commonly used anticancer drugs, are examples of non-selective DNA ligands. In this study, we extended our early all-atom binding simulation studies between doxorubicin and a DNA duplex (d(CGATCG)2) to probe the binding between daunomycin and a parallel DNA quadruplex (d(TGGGGT)4) and DNA duplex. In addition to the end stacking mode, which mimics the mode in the crystal structure, a pure groove binding mode was observed in our free binding simulations. The dynamic and energetic properties of these two binding modes are thoroughly examined, and a detailed comparison is made between DNA quadruplex binding modes and DNA duplex binding modes. Implications on the design of more selective DNA quadruplex ligands are also discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Molecular Modeling Springer Journals

Binding of anticancer drug daunomycin to a TGGGGT G-quadruplex DNA probed by all-atom molecular dynamics simulations: additional pure groove binding mode and implications on designing more selective G-quadruplex ligands

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Chemistry; Computer Applications in Chemistry; Molecular Medicine; Computer Appl. in Life Sciences; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
ISSN
1610-2940
eISSN
0948-5023
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00894-017-3417-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

DNA G-quadruplex structures are emerging cancer-specific targets for chemotherapeutics. Ligands that bind to and stabilize DNA G-quadruplexes have the potential to be anti-cancer drugs. Lack of binding selectivity to DNA G-quadruplex over DNA duplex remains a major challenge when attempting to develop G-quadruplex ligands into successful anti-cancer drugs. Thorough understanding of the binding nature of existing non-selective ligands that bind to both DNA quadruplex and DNA duplex will help to address this challenge. Daunomycin and doxorubicin, two commonly used anticancer drugs, are examples of non-selective DNA ligands. In this study, we extended our early all-atom binding simulation studies between doxorubicin and a DNA duplex (d(CGATCG)2) to probe the binding between daunomycin and a parallel DNA quadruplex (d(TGGGGT)4) and DNA duplex. In addition to the end stacking mode, which mimics the mode in the crystal structure, a pure groove binding mode was observed in our free binding simulations. The dynamic and energetic properties of these two binding modes are thoroughly examined, and a detailed comparison is made between DNA quadruplex binding modes and DNA duplex binding modes. Implications on the design of more selective DNA quadruplex ligands are also discussed.

Journal

Journal of Molecular ModelingSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 8, 2017

References

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