Factors influencing the release and anchorage of cytochrome c to the inner membrane of brain mitochondria have been investigated. Metabolic activity of mitochondria caused a decrease in the membrane potential Δψm, accompanied by detachment of the protein from the inner membrane. In a model system of cytochrome c reconstituted in cardiolipin (CL) liposomes, phosphate was used to breach the hydrophilic lipid-protein interactions. About 44% cytochrome c was removable when heart CL (80% 18:2n-6) was employed, whereas the remaining protein accounted for the tightly bound conformation characterized by hydrophobic lipid-protein interactions. Cytochrome c release from brain CL liposomes was higher compared to heart CL, consistent with lower polyunsaturated fatty acid content. The release was even higher with CL extracted from metabolically stressed mitochondria, exhibiting more saturated fatty acid profile compared to control (30% vs.17%). Therefore, weakening of the hydrophobic interactions due to saturation of CL may account for the observed cytochrome c release from mitochondria following metabolic stress. Moreover, mitochondria enriched with polyunsaturated CL exhibited higher Δψm, compared to less unsaturated species, suggesting that CL fatty acid composition influences Δψm. Mitochondria incorporated exogenous cytochrome c without protease-sensitive factors or Δψm. The internalized protein anchored to the inner membrane without producing swelling, as monitored by forward and side light scattering, but produced Δψm consumption, suggesting recovery of respiratory activity. The Δψm decrease is ascribed to a selected mitochondrial population containing the incorporated cytochrome c.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera