Bilingual oral reading fluency and reading comprehension: The case of Arabic/Hebrew (L1)-;English (L2) readers

Bilingual oral reading fluency and reading comprehension: The case of Arabic/Hebrew (L1)-;English... The relevance of Oral Reading Fluency(ORF) to reading comprehension in the nativelanguage (L1) and in English -; a foreignlanguage (L2) -; was studied. Fifty universitystudents, twenty-two Arabic and twenty-eight Hebrew nativespeakers, read both L1 and English texts aloudand reported their comprehension on-line.Results showed that ORF was not correlated withreading comprehension in L1. However, inEnglish, the two reading measures weresignificantly correlated. Next, the ORF andreading comprehension scores were each analyzedusing a 2 × 2 ANOVA with repeated measures onlanguage (L1 versus L2) and with nativelanguage (Arabic versus Hebrew) as a betweensubject factor. This analysis revealed a maineffect of language, with both sets of scoreshigher in L1 than in L2. However, a nativelanguage effect was only traced in the ORFscores, favoring the Hebrew native group. Thefindings demonstrate the importance of ORF inadult L2 reading comprehension. Linguisticproficiency and the unique properties ofunvoweled script are used to explain theabsence of a significant correlation betweenORF and comprehension in L1 reading. Diglossia is proposed as a tenable explanationof the lower ORF scores among the Arabic nativesample. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Reading and Writing Springer Journals

Bilingual oral reading fluency and reading comprehension: The case of Arabic/Hebrew (L1)-;English (L2) readers

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Linguistics; Language and Literature; Psycholinguistics; Education, general; Neurology; Literacy
ISSN
0922-4777
eISSN
1573-0905
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1027310220036
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The relevance of Oral Reading Fluency(ORF) to reading comprehension in the nativelanguage (L1) and in English -; a foreignlanguage (L2) -; was studied. Fifty universitystudents, twenty-two Arabic and twenty-eight Hebrew nativespeakers, read both L1 and English texts aloudand reported their comprehension on-line.Results showed that ORF was not correlated withreading comprehension in L1. However, inEnglish, the two reading measures weresignificantly correlated. Next, the ORF andreading comprehension scores were each analyzedusing a 2 × 2 ANOVA with repeated measures onlanguage (L1 versus L2) and with nativelanguage (Arabic versus Hebrew) as a betweensubject factor. This analysis revealed a maineffect of language, with both sets of scoreshigher in L1 than in L2. However, a nativelanguage effect was only traced in the ORFscores, favoring the Hebrew native group. Thefindings demonstrate the importance of ORF inadult L2 reading comprehension. Linguisticproficiency and the unique properties ofunvoweled script are used to explain theabsence of a significant correlation betweenORF and comprehension in L1 reading. Diglossia is proposed as a tenable explanationof the lower ORF scores among the Arabic nativesample.

Journal

Reading and WritingSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 4, 2004

References

  • Reading in Arabic orthography: The effect of vowels and context on reading accuracy of poor and skilled native Arabic readers
    Abu-;Rabia, S.
  • The need for cross-;cultural considerations in reading theory
    Abu-;Rabia, S.
  • Effects of exposure to literary Arabic on reading comprehension in a diglossic situation
    Abu-;Rabia, S.
  • The role of vowels in reading Semitic scripts: Data from Arabic and Hebrew
    Abu-;Rabia, S.
  • Reading in a root-;based-;morphology language: The case of Arabic
    Abu-;Rabia, S.

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