Bicarbonate Induces Membrane Reorganization and CBR1 and TRPV1 Endocannabinoid Receptor Migration in Lipid Microdomains in Capacitating Boar Spermatozoa

Bicarbonate Induces Membrane Reorganization and CBR1 and TRPV1 Endocannabinoid Receptor Migration... Mammalian spermatozoa acquire full fertilizing ability only after a morphofunctional maturation called “capacitation.” During this process the high level of bicarbonate present within the upper female genital tract or in culture medium induces a marked reorganization of sperm membranes characterized by a biphasic behavior: In a few minutes, it promotes membrane phospholipid scrambling preliminary to the apical translocation of sterol that, 2–4 h later, enables spermatozoa to recognize zona pellucida after albumin-mediated cholesterol extraction. In the present research it was demonstrated that spermatozoa incubated with bicarbonate in protein-free media underwent a marked reorganization of lipid microdomains present in a detergent-resistant membrane fraction (DRM) isolated by ultracentrifugation on sucrose density gradient. In fact, bicarbonate exposed sperm (ES) cells, compared with ejaculated spermatozoa (nonexposed sperm [nES] cells), displayed an increase in protein DRM content and, in particular, in Cav-1 and CD55, markers of caveolae and lipid rafts, as well in acrosin-2, a marker of the outer acrosomal membrane (OAM). Moreover, the amount of certain proteins involved in capacitation, such as the endocannabinoid system receptors cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CBR1) and transient receptor potential cation channel 1 (TRPV1), increased in DRM obtained from ES. These data allow us to hypothesize that sperm membrane reorganization takes place even in the absence of extracellular proteins; that not only the plasma membrane but also the OAM participate in this process; and that important molecules playing a key role in inside–out signaling, such as the endocannbinoid receptors TRPV1 and CBR1, are involved in this event, with potentially important consequences on sperm function. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Bicarbonate Induces Membrane Reorganization and CBR1 and TRPV1 Endocannabinoid Receptor Migration in Lipid Microdomains in Capacitating Boar Spermatozoa

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-010-9316-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mammalian spermatozoa acquire full fertilizing ability only after a morphofunctional maturation called “capacitation.” During this process the high level of bicarbonate present within the upper female genital tract or in culture medium induces a marked reorganization of sperm membranes characterized by a biphasic behavior: In a few minutes, it promotes membrane phospholipid scrambling preliminary to the apical translocation of sterol that, 2–4 h later, enables spermatozoa to recognize zona pellucida after albumin-mediated cholesterol extraction. In the present research it was demonstrated that spermatozoa incubated with bicarbonate in protein-free media underwent a marked reorganization of lipid microdomains present in a detergent-resistant membrane fraction (DRM) isolated by ultracentrifugation on sucrose density gradient. In fact, bicarbonate exposed sperm (ES) cells, compared with ejaculated spermatozoa (nonexposed sperm [nES] cells), displayed an increase in protein DRM content and, in particular, in Cav-1 and CD55, markers of caveolae and lipid rafts, as well in acrosin-2, a marker of the outer acrosomal membrane (OAM). Moreover, the amount of certain proteins involved in capacitation, such as the endocannabinoid system receptors cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CBR1) and transient receptor potential cation channel 1 (TRPV1), increased in DRM obtained from ES. These data allow us to hypothesize that sperm membrane reorganization takes place even in the absence of extracellular proteins; that not only the plasma membrane but also the OAM participate in this process; and that important molecules playing a key role in inside–out signaling, such as the endocannbinoid receptors TRPV1 and CBR1, are involved in this event, with potentially important consequences on sperm function.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 23, 2010

References

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