Journal of the History of Biology Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10739-018-9522-2 Between Social and Biological Heredity: Cope and Baldwin on Evolution, Inheritance, and Mind DAVID CECCARELLI Department of History, Humanities and Society University of Rome Tor Vergata Via Columbia 1 00133 Rome Italy Present Address: Rome Italy E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract. In the years of the post-Darwinian debate, many American naturalists invoked the name of Lamarck to signal their belief in a purposive and anti-Darwinian view of evolution. Yet Weismann’s theory of germ-plasm continuity undermined the shared tenet of the neo-Lamarckian theories as well as the idea of the interchangeability between biological and social heredity. Edward Drinker Cope, the leader of the so- called ‘‘American School,’’ defended his neo-Lamarckian philosophy against every attempt to redeﬁne the relationship between behavior, development, and heredity beyond the epigenetic model of inheritance. This paper explores Cope’s late-career defense of neo-Lamarckism. Particular attention is dedicated to the debate he had with James Mark Baldwin before the publication of Baldwin’s own ‘‘A New Factor in Evolution’’ (1896d). I argue that Cope’s criticism was partly due to the fact that Baldwin’s theory of social heredity threatened Cope’s biologistic stance, as well
Journal of the History of Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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