P-glycoprotein expressed in Pichia pastoris was used to study the drug binding sites of different benzodiazepines. The effect of bromazepam, chlordiazepoxide, diazepam and flurazepam on P-glycoprotein structure was investigated by measuring the intrinsic fluorescence of the transporter tryptophan residues. Purified mouse mdr1a transporter in mixed micelles of 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)-dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonic acid and 1,2-dimiristoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine emitted fluorescence at 340 nm indicative of the fluorophores in a relatively apolar environment. Acrylamide and iodide ion were used as collisional quenchers toward distinct regions of the transporter, the protein and the interface protein-surface, respectively. Binding of ATP induced conformational changes at the protein surface level in accordance with the location of the nucleotide binding sites. Bromazepam interaction with the transporter was located at the protein-surface interface, diazepam at the membrane region and chlordiazepoxide at the protein surface. Only the flurazepam interaction site was not detected by the quenchers used. All benzodiazepines were able to elicit reorientation of the protein fluorophores on the P-glycoprotein—ATP complex.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 14, 2008
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