Benzene-contaminated groundwater remediation using calcium peroxide nanoparticles: synthesis and process optimization

Benzene-contaminated groundwater remediation using calcium peroxide nanoparticles: synthesis and... Nano-size calcium peroxide (nCaO2) is an appropriate oxygen source which can meet the needs of in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) for contaminant remediation from groundwater. In the present study, an easy to handle procedure for synthesis of CaO2 nanoparticles has been investigated. Modeling and optimization of synthesis process was performed by application of response surface methodology (RSM) and central composite rotatable design (CCRD) method. Synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by XRD and FESEM techniques. The optimal synthesis conditions were found to be 5:1, 570 rpm and 10 °C for H2O2:CaSO2 ratio, mixing rate and reaction temperature, respectively. Predicted values showed to be in good agreement with experimental results (R 2 values were 0.915 and 0.965 for CaO2 weight and nanoparticle size, respectively). To study the efficiency of synthesized nanoparticles for benzene removal from groundwater, batch experiments were applied in biotic and abiotic (chemical removal) conditions by 100, 200, 400, and 800 mg/L of nanoparticles within 70 days. Results indicated that application of 400 mg/L of CaO2 in biotic condition was able to remediate benzene completely from groundwater after 60 days. Furthermore, comparison of biotic and abiotic experiments showed a great potential of microbial stimulation using CaO2 nanoparticles in benzene remediation from groundwater. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer Journals

Benzene-contaminated groundwater remediation using calcium peroxide nanoparticles: synthesis and process optimization

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Springer International Publishing
Copyright © 2017 by Springer International Publishing AG
Environment; Monitoring/Environmental Analysis; Environmental Management; Ecotoxicology; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution; Ecology
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