Ir J Med Sci (2017) 186:747–752 DOI 10.1007/s11845-017-1561-8 CASE BASED REVIEWS Belfast Limb Arterial and Skeletal Trauma (BLAST): the evolution of punishment shooting in Northern Ireland 1 1 1 1 • • • M. Lau S. McCain R. Baker D. W. Harkin Received: 16 February 2016 / Accepted: 12 January 2017 / Published online: 21 January 2017 The Author(s) 2017. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract injuries [1, 2]. Perhaps, unique to our region was a phe- Introduction Northern Ireland has developed signiﬁcant nomenon of punishment shootings by illegal organisations experience in speciﬁc punishment injuries due to its unique as a form of control within the civilian population. These civil unrest. Simple gunshot wound (GSW) injuries have frequently involved GSW to the popliteal region, often begun to evolve into more complex injuries. referred to as ‘knee-capping’ injuries. These can cause Case presentation We describe three cases of young male severe arterial and venous injuries, in addition to damage victims who suffered from GSW injuries—from a single of surrounding nerves and skeletal elements. Whilst polit- GSW injury to multiple GSW injuries involving all four ical settlements have led to a reduction in gun crime, over limbs;
Irish Journal of Medical Science (1971 -) – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 21, 2017
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