The background flow field of a scramjet isolator that accommodates a shock train contains complex compression and expansion waves, referred as “background waves,” causing large streamwise and transverse parameter gradients upstream of the shock train. Therefore, the available results of shock train research obtained by direct-connect methods might be not applicable for real scramjet isolators. Special tests are therefore performed for an inlet/isolator model. Close coupling is found between the shock train and the background shocks. The pointing direction of the leading shock switches upwards and downwards repeatedly during the upstream propagation of the shock train. Three unstable stages with substantial oscillations are also observed, interlaced with four stable stages. In addition, the interference of the background shock waves increases the sustainable back-pressure ratio and decreases the length of the shock train. However, this does not mean that the background waves in the isolator should be intensified intentionally.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 18, 2012
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