Behavior of a PCM at Varying Heating Rates: Experimental and Theoretical Study with an Aim at Temperature Moderation in Radionuclide Concrete Encasements

Behavior of a PCM at Varying Heating Rates: Experimental and Theoretical Study with an Aim at... Phase-change materials (PCMs) can store/release thermal energy within a small temperature range. This is of interest in various industrial applications, for example, in civil engineering (heating/cooling of buildings) or cold storage applications. Another application may be the moderation of temperature increases in concrete encasements of radionuclides during their decay. The phase-change behavior of a material is determined by its heat capacity and the peak it exhibits near a phase change. We analyze the behavior of such peaks for a selected PCM at heating rates varying between $$0.1\,^{\circ }\hbox {C}\cdot \hbox {min}^{-1}$$ 0.1 ∘ C · min - 1 and $$1\,^{\circ }\hbox {C}\cdot \hbox {min}^{-1}$$ 1 ∘ C · min - 1 , corresponding in real situations to different decay rates of radionuclides. We show that experimentally measured peaks can be plausibly described by an equilibrium theory that enables us to calculate the latent heat and phase-change temperature from experimental data. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Thermophysics Springer Journals

Behavior of a PCM at Varying Heating Rates: Experimental and Theoretical Study with an Aim at Temperature Moderation in Radionuclide Concrete Encasements

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Physics; Condensed Matter Physics; Classical Mechanics; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Physical Chemistry
ISSN
0195-928X
eISSN
1572-9567
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10765-018-2408-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Phase-change materials (PCMs) can store/release thermal energy within a small temperature range. This is of interest in various industrial applications, for example, in civil engineering (heating/cooling of buildings) or cold storage applications. Another application may be the moderation of temperature increases in concrete encasements of radionuclides during their decay. The phase-change behavior of a material is determined by its heat capacity and the peak it exhibits near a phase change. We analyze the behavior of such peaks for a selected PCM at heating rates varying between $$0.1\,^{\circ }\hbox {C}\cdot \hbox {min}^{-1}$$ 0.1 ∘ C · min - 1 and $$1\,^{\circ }\hbox {C}\cdot \hbox {min}^{-1}$$ 1 ∘ C · min - 1 , corresponding in real situations to different decay rates of radionuclides. We show that experimentally measured peaks can be plausibly described by an equilibrium theory that enables us to calculate the latent heat and phase-change temperature from experimental data.

Journal

International Journal of ThermophysicsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 5, 2018

References

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