The key attributes of Two Wheeled Balancing Mobile Robots (TWBMRs) are nonholonomic constraints and inherent instability. This paper deals with the problem of balancing and trajectory tracking of TWBMR using backstepping Sliding Mode Controller (SMC). First, the mathematical representation of TWBMR is derived using Lagrangian method by incorporating the dynamics of DC motors. Then, a decoupling approach is applied for simplifying the dynamic equations. The backstepping SMC technique is finally adopted to achieve the balancing and trajectory tracking of the TWBMR, whereas both model uncertainties and exogenous disturbance are taken into account in the controller design methodology. In order to determine the velocity, the trajectory tracking is achieved by the kinematic control, which is a common backstepping controller. For the velocity convergence of TWBMR to the generated desired value, two SMCs are designed, in which the motors voltage are directly controlled as the control laws. Simplicity in practical implementation and control law, ability to overcome uncertainties and appropriate performance are the main advantages of the proposed controller. The effectiveness of the proposed controller is verified through simulation and experimental results.
Journal of Intelligent & Robotic Systems – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 26, 2017
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