Baculovirus replication induces the expression of heat shock proteins in vivo and in vitro

Baculovirus replication induces the expression of heat shock proteins in vivo and in vitro A recent handful of studies have linked baculovirus infection with the induction of heat shock proteins, a highly conserved family of cytoprotective proteins. Here, we demonstrate baculovirus-stimulated upregulation of hsp70 transcription in the natural host, Helicoverpa zea . Larvae lethally infected with Helicoverpa zea single nucleopolyhedrovirus (HzSNPV) accumulated hsp70 transcripts throughout the 72-hour course of infection in the midgut, hemocytes, and fat body. While a maximal 17- or 15-fold induction of hsp70 was noted in the midgut and hemocytes, respectively, by 72 hours postinfection, the level of hsp70 transcription in the fat body of larvae was greater than two orders of magnitude higher than in mock-infected larvae. These results were largely mirrored in cultures of infected cells, and a potentiation effect was observed in cells that were both heat shocked and infected. In contrast, Spodoptera frugiperda multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus and ultraviolet-inactivated HzSNPV did not stimulate hsp70 transcription in these non-permissive larvae and in cell culture, respectively. Taken together, this report documents baculovirus-mediated upregulation of hsp70 in the host and demonstrates the requirement for productive infection for hsp70 induction in vitro and in vivo. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Baculovirus replication induces the expression of heat shock proteins in vivo and in vitro

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Springer Vienna
Copyright © 2013 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
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