The background-oriented schlieren (BOS) imaging method has, for the first time, been applied in the investigation of the flow around a circular cylinder at low Mach numbers ( $$M<0.1$$ M < 0.1 ). The measurements were conducted in the high pressure wind tunnel, Göttingen, with static pressures ranging from 0.1 MPa to 6.0 MPa and covered a range of the Reynolds numbers of $$0.1\times 10^6 \le Re \le 6.0\times 10^6$$ 0.1 × 10 6 ≤ R e ≤ 6.0 × 10 6 . Even at ambient pressure and the lowest Reynolds number investigated, density gradients associated with the flow around the cylinder were recorded. The signal-to-noise ratio of the evaluated gradient field improved with increasing stagnation pressure. The separation point could easily be identified with this non-intrusive measurement technique and corresponds well to simultaneous surface pressure measurements. The resulting displacement field is in principle of qualitative nature as the observation angle was parallel to the cylinder axis only in a single point of the recorded images. However, it has been possible to integrate the density field along the surface of the cylinder by successive imaging at incremental angular positions around the cylinder. This density distribution has been found to agree well with the pressure measurements and with potential theory where appropriate.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 2, 2017
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