Background extraction from double-frame PIV images

Background extraction from double-frame PIV images This study presents a simple image pre-processing scheme to extract background information from double-frame particle image velocimetry (PIV) images. Everything that stays stagnant in the image (e.g., image background and light reflections from stationary objects) is assumed to be a source of disturbance and is removed by subtracting the second frame of the image pair from the first frame. This yields a single frame difference image, which is transferred back to a background extracted double-frame image. After the procedure the background in the image does not correlate with itself anymore and therefore a bias error in PIV analysis towards zero displacement is avoided. The simulations show that the procedure conserves the profile of tracer particle images when a displacement between the frames is larger than a particle image size. The performance of this procedure is emphasized with various examples, and extensions of the procedure are introduced. The extended procedure extracts background objects that move between the image frames, e.g. dispersed phase particles in a two-phase flow or laser light sheet reflections from moving objects. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Background extraction from double-frame PIV images

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-004-0916-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study presents a simple image pre-processing scheme to extract background information from double-frame particle image velocimetry (PIV) images. Everything that stays stagnant in the image (e.g., image background and light reflections from stationary objects) is assumed to be a source of disturbance and is removed by subtracting the second frame of the image pair from the first frame. This yields a single frame difference image, which is transferred back to a background extracted double-frame image. After the procedure the background in the image does not correlate with itself anymore and therefore a bias error in PIV analysis towards zero displacement is avoided. The simulations show that the procedure conserves the profile of tracer particle images when a displacement between the frames is larger than a particle image size. The performance of this procedure is emphasized with various examples, and extensions of the procedure are introduced. The extended procedure extracts background objects that move between the image frames, e.g. dispersed phase particles in a two-phase flow or laser light sheet reflections from moving objects.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2005

References

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