Russian Journal of Developmental Biology, Vol. 35, No. 6, 2004, p. 329. Translated from Ontogenez, Vol. 35, No. 6, 2004, pp. 405–406. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2004 by Vassetzky. TO THE CENTENARY OF BORIS L. ASTAUROV We celebrate the centenary of the outstanding Rus- and neural interactions and regulations); problems of sian scientist—geneticist, cytologist, and experimental tissue incompatibility, regularities of regeneration and biologist Boris L. Astaurov. His merits before science methods of control of restorative processes; and society are great. In addition to purely scientiﬁc (4) relative signiﬁcance of heredity and environment in achievements, which will remain in the annals of world realization of the inherited reaction norm; problems of science, Astaurov did quite a lot for the development of dependence of the development on environmental condi- science in this country. He played a key role in restora- tions and factors, including those characteristic for mod- tion of the Soviet and Russian genetics and promoted ern civilization, such as extreme conditions of space developmental biology and genetics studies. Astaurov ﬂights, chemistry penetrating in all life pores, etc.; was the founder and ﬁrst director of the Institute of (5) driving forces and patterns of evolutionary Developmental Biology in the USSR Academy of development of the integrity and stability of ontoge- Sciences, which was later given the name of netic processes; analysis of the ways of origin of mor- Nikolai K. Kol’tsov, a brilliant Russian biologist, phogenetic systems incomparative-morpho0logical and founder of the school of genetics, embryology, cytol- evolutionary aspects; hereditary and modiﬁcational ogy, and experimental biology. variability of ontogenesis and processes of develop- Among his deeds, the memory of which will remain in ment and rearrangement of ontogenetic correlations the history of Russian biology, was organization of the sci- and adaptations in the course of microevolution (Onto- entiﬁc journal “Ontogenez” (published in English under genez, 1970, vol. 1, no. 1). the title of Soviet and, later, Russian Journal of Develop- These goals and tasks of investigations in the ﬁeld of mental Biology), the ﬁrst national journal fully dedicated developmental biology remain relevant even now, more to the problems of developmental biology. This journal than 30 years later. The Editorial Board of the journal is published now for more than 30 years played a great role guided by the tasks set by Astaurov and the rubrication in promoting developmental biology, one of the most per- of papers in the journal corresponds to these goals. spective trends of current biology, in this country. Astau- The scientiﬁc community of our country widely rov was the founder and ﬁrst editor-in-chief of the journal commemorates the jubilee of the outstanding Russian “Ontogenez.” He wrote also the keynote paper, which scientist Boris L. Astaurov. The book Boris L’vovich determined the goals and tasks of the journal and was pub- Astaurov. Ocherki, vospominaniya, pis’ma, materialy lished in the ﬁrst issue of the journal. (Boris L. Astaurov. Essays, Memoirs, Letters, and Mate- In this paper, Astaurov determined the main topical rials) was published (Moscow: Nauka, 2004). During the cycles corresponding to the journal proﬁle in the fol- last congress of the All-Russian Society of Geneticists and lowing way: Selectionists, a session was organized, which was dedi- “(1) processes of realization of genetic information in cated to his jubilee. In November of this year, a scientiﬁc development; mechanisms of biosynthesis of nucleic conference dedicated to the centenary of Boris L. Astau- acids and proteins with respect to development and differ- rov will take place at the Kol’tsov Institute of Develop- entiation; expressions of biochemical activities of cell mental Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences. ultrastructures in normal and pathological growth and In this issue, the materials dedicated to morphogenesis; problems of energetics of development; Boris L. Astaurov are published: the paper of (2) cytological foundations of development and, L.I. Sedov about the life and activities of Astaurov, above all, causal mechanisms of cell differentiation; paper of V.A. Strunnikoiv about the contribution of nucleocytoplasmic relations in development; reproduc- Astaurov to scientiﬁc and practical sericulture, paper of tion of cell microstructures and organelles with respect Yu.F. Bogdanov written on the basis of his memorial to the problems of cell heredity; cytogenetic mecha- Astaurov lecture, and a note about the session at the nisms of preembryonic development (gametogenesis Congress of the All-Russian Society of Geneticists and and maturation), fertilization, and early embryogene- Selectionists dedicated to the Astaurov’s jubilee written sis; methods of experimental inﬂuence on the cytoge- by his granddaughter E.B. Astaurova who made quite a netic apparatus of hereditary information (nucleocyto- lot for keeping the memory of Astaurov. plasmic hybridization, interspeciﬁc and intertissue cell The Editorial Board of the journal “Ontogenez” is hybridization, arbitrary genetic sex regulation, experi- planning to publish the materials of the forthcoming mental polyploidy, etc.); Astaurov’s conference in one of the journal issues in 2005. (3) regulative mechanisms of development at all lev- els of organization of the whole and morphogenetic interactions (including intercellular, tissue, inductive, Sergei G. Vassetzky, Editor-in-Chief 1062-3604/04/3506-0329 © 2004 MAIK “Nauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 27, 2004
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