Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in versatile functions in plant growth and development as a signaling molecule. To date, plants have been reported to produce NO following exposure to nitrite (N O 2 − ) the amino acid L-arginine, hydroxylamine, or polyamines. Here we demonstrate azide-dependent NO production in plants. The water fern Azolla pinnata emitted NO into air upon exposure to sodium azide (NaN3). The NO production was dependent on azide concentration and was strongly inhibited by potassium cyanide (KCN). Incubation of A. pinnata with the catalase inhibitor 3-aminotriazole (3-AT) abolished the azide-dependent NO production. Although nitrite-dependent NO production was inhibited by sodium azide, azide-dependent NO production was not affected by nitrite. These results indicate that A. pinnata enzymatically produces NO using azide as a substrate. We suggest that plants are also capable of producing NO from azide by the action of catalase as previously reported in animals.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 24, 2014
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