Axisymmetric jets impinging on porous walls

Axisymmetric jets impinging on porous walls The flow of axisymmetric turbulent jets impinging on porous walls has been studied experimentally. It is shown how the overall flow structure depends on the porosity of the surface. For high porosities (open area ratios, β, in excess of around 40% say) the porous wall, or screen, leads to a sudden increase in jet width and decrease in mean and fluctuating velocities, a direct consequence of the momentum flux extracted because of the screen drag. Lower porosities can lead to the appearance of radial wall jets on the upstream side of the screen but, in contrast to the corresponding case of planar jet impingement (Cant et al. in Exp Fluids 32:16–26, 2002), such wall jets never occur on the downstream side. The axial downstream velocities thus remain positive for all porosities. Jet growth rates for $$\beta\tilde{\geq}0.45$$ are initially increased by the screen, but once β≤0.4 momentum extraction by the screen is virtually complete, so that velocities become very small. Again, unlike in the corresponding planar case (for β≈0.4), recirculating regions upstream of the screen never occur. A simple argument is suggested to explain the fundamental differences in flow behaviour between planar and axisymmetric jet impingement onto porous screens and it is concluded that in the latter case the effects of the screen are generally more benign and unsurprising. Nonetheless, these axisymmetric flows, like the corresponding planar ones, provide a serious challenge for computational modelling. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Axisymmetric jets impinging on porous walls

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-006-0131-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The flow of axisymmetric turbulent jets impinging on porous walls has been studied experimentally. It is shown how the overall flow structure depends on the porosity of the surface. For high porosities (open area ratios, β, in excess of around 40% say) the porous wall, or screen, leads to a sudden increase in jet width and decrease in mean and fluctuating velocities, a direct consequence of the momentum flux extracted because of the screen drag. Lower porosities can lead to the appearance of radial wall jets on the upstream side of the screen but, in contrast to the corresponding case of planar jet impingement (Cant et al. in Exp Fluids 32:16–26, 2002), such wall jets never occur on the downstream side. The axial downstream velocities thus remain positive for all porosities. Jet growth rates for $$\beta\tilde{\geq}0.45$$ are initially increased by the screen, but once β≤0.4 momentum extraction by the screen is virtually complete, so that velocities become very small. Again, unlike in the corresponding planar case (for β≈0.4), recirculating regions upstream of the screen never occur. A simple argument is suggested to explain the fundamental differences in flow behaviour between planar and axisymmetric jet impingement onto porous screens and it is concluded that in the latter case the effects of the screen are generally more benign and unsurprising. Nonetheless, these axisymmetric flows, like the corresponding planar ones, provide a serious challenge for computational modelling.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 16, 2006

References

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