This paper presents an experimental investigation on swirling jets with well-defined initial conditions. The axial, radial, and azimuthal velocity components, with their respective fluctuations were measured using high spatial–resolution particle image velocimetry. These detailed measurements allow the initial conditions of the swirling jets to be established and the jets to be characterized using various swirl number definitions. The significance of each term in the swirl number calculations are quantified, and the effect of the common assumptions and simplifications are examined. The characteristics of the jets in relation to the initial conditions are then investigated and compared with the previous studies using similar characterization parameters. Jets with Reynolds number of approximately 5700 and swirl conditions ranging from a non-swirling reference case to high swirl are studied. General properties of swirling jets such as higher spreading rate, higher centerline velocity decay, and higher turbulence level are observed. When the degree of swirl is sufficiently high, vortex breakdown occurs. A swirl number of 0.94 is recorded for a high swirl case prior to vortex breakdown, much higher than the critical swirl number reported in the literature. This behavior is attributed to the effect of the initial conditions on the swirl number calculation.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 16, 2009
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera