Aviation Noise and Cardiovascular Health in the United States: a Review of the Evidence and Recommendations for Research Direction

Aviation Noise and Cardiovascular Health in the United States: a Review of the Evidence and... Purpose of the Review In the USA, there is mounting pressure on aviation operators and regulators to address concerns about community impacts of aircraft noise given increasing evidence of adverse health impacts, continuing community complaints, availability of cost-effective programs to reduce exposures to aircraft noise, and more stringent international policies. In the USA, regulation of civil aviation noise is the responsibility of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), which requires a “significant body of scientific support,” particularly applicable to the USA, to inform health-based policy and regulatory decisions. However, there have been very few studies investigating the relationship between noise and health in the USA and limited studies across the globe characterizing the effects of aviation noise specifically on cardiovascular health. This review focuses on recent findings on the relationship between aircraft noise and cardio- vascular outcomes and directions for future research. Recent Findings Epidemiological studies generally report statistically significant associations between aircraft noise and adverse cardiovascular outcomes, although with limited evidence within the USA. Sleep disturbance, associated with nighttime noise, has been shown to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease given associations with inflam- matory markers and metabolic changes. Given numerous cardiovascular markers, the most appropriate choices depend http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Epidemiology Reports Springer Journals

Aviation Noise and Cardiovascular Health in the United States: a Review of the Evidence and Recommendations for Research Direction

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the US; foreign copyright protection may apply
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Epidemiology
eISSN
2196-2995
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40471-018-0151-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of the Review In the USA, there is mounting pressure on aviation operators and regulators to address concerns about community impacts of aircraft noise given increasing evidence of adverse health impacts, continuing community complaints, availability of cost-effective programs to reduce exposures to aircraft noise, and more stringent international policies. In the USA, regulation of civil aviation noise is the responsibility of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), which requires a “significant body of scientific support,” particularly applicable to the USA, to inform health-based policy and regulatory decisions. However, there have been very few studies investigating the relationship between noise and health in the USA and limited studies across the globe characterizing the effects of aviation noise specifically on cardiovascular health. This review focuses on recent findings on the relationship between aircraft noise and cardio- vascular outcomes and directions for future research. Recent Findings Epidemiological studies generally report statistically significant associations between aircraft noise and adverse cardiovascular outcomes, although with limited evidence within the USA. Sleep disturbance, associated with nighttime noise, has been shown to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease given associations with inflam- matory markers and metabolic changes. Given numerous cardiovascular markers, the most appropriate choices depend

Journal

Current Epidemiology ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 26, 2018

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