As established by us earlier, ethylene behaves as a regulator of germination, development, and growth of male gametophyte during the progamic phase of fertilization. However, the mechanisms of the regulation of these processes remain so far unstudied. It is believed that the main factor providing variety of the ethylene responses is its interaction with other phytohormones. According to our working hypothesis, ethylene controls germination of pollen grains (PGs) and growth of pollen tubes (PTs) by interacting with auxin, which, as the available data indicate, is likely a key regulator of plant cell polarization and morphogenesis and one of the factors modulating the biosynthesis of ethylene at the level of ACC-synthase gene expression. In the present work, on germinating in vitro male gametophyte and the pollen-stigma system for petunia (Petunia hybrida L.) effects of phytohormones (ethylene and IAA) and known blockers repressing ethylene reception (1-methylcyclopropene, 1-MCP), the synthesis of ACC (amino oxyacetic acid, AOA) and transport IAA (triyodbenzoynaya acid, TYBA) on PGs germination, PTs growth and the synthesis of ACC were investigated. According to the data obtained, exogenous ethylene and IAA stimulated both PGs germination and PTs growth. 1-MCP and TYBA completely inhibited the first process, whereas IAA abolished the inhibitory action of 1-MCP and AOA on both the above processes. Etrel only partially weakened the inhibitory effect of TYBA. Examination of ACC synthesis modulation with AOA showed that IAA does not affect the level of ACC in germinating in vitro male gametophyte and nonpollinated stigmas, while this phytohormone insignificantly raised the level of ACC and abolished the inhibitory effect of AOA on its synthesis in the pollenstigma system. Pollination of stigmas with the pollen preliminarily treated with 1-MCP led to 2.5-fold decline in both the rate of PT growth and the level of ACC. At the same time, IAA abolished the inhibitory action of 1-MCP recovering the synthesis of ACC and growth of PTs to the control values. All these results, taken together, provide evidence for the interaction of the signal transduction pathways of ethylene and auxin at the level of ACC biosynthesis in the course of germination and growth of petunia male gametophyte during the progamic phase of fertilization.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 5, 2017
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