Autophagy-related (ATG) 11, ATG9 and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase control ATG2-mediated formation of autophagosomes in Arabidopsis

Autophagy-related (ATG) 11, ATG9 and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase control ATG2-mediated... Key message Using quantitative assays for autophagy, we analyzed 4 classes of atg mutants, discovered new atg2 phenotypes and ATG gene interactions, and proposed a model of autophagosome formation in plants. Abstract Plant and other eukaryotic cells use autophagy to target cytoplasmic constituents for degradation in the vacuole. Autophagy is regulated and executed by a conserved set of proteins called autophagy-related (ATG). In Arabidopsis, sev- eral groups of ATG proteins have been characterized using genetic approaches. However, the genetic interactions between ATG genes have not been established and the relationship between different ATG groups in plants remains unclear. Here we analyzed atg2, atg7, atg9, and atg11 mutants and their double mutants at the physiological, biochemical, and subcel- lular levels. Involvement of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) in autophagy was also tested using wortmannin, a PI3K inhibitor. Our mutant analysis using autophagy markers showed that atg7 and atg2 phenotypes are more severe than those of atg11 and atg9. Unlike other mutants, atg2 cells accumulated several autophagic vesicles that could not be delivered to the vacuole. Analysis of atg double mutants, combined with wortmannin treatment, indicated that ATG11, PI3K, and ATG9 act upstream of ATG2. Our data support a model in which plant http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Cell Reports Springer Journals

Autophagy-related (ATG) 11, ATG9 and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase control ATG2-mediated formation of autophagosomes in Arabidopsis

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Cell Biology; Biotechnology; Plant Biochemistry
ISSN
0721-7714
eISSN
1432-203X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00299-018-2258-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Key message Using quantitative assays for autophagy, we analyzed 4 classes of atg mutants, discovered new atg2 phenotypes and ATG gene interactions, and proposed a model of autophagosome formation in plants. Abstract Plant and other eukaryotic cells use autophagy to target cytoplasmic constituents for degradation in the vacuole. Autophagy is regulated and executed by a conserved set of proteins called autophagy-related (ATG). In Arabidopsis, sev- eral groups of ATG proteins have been characterized using genetic approaches. However, the genetic interactions between ATG genes have not been established and the relationship between different ATG groups in plants remains unclear. Here we analyzed atg2, atg7, atg9, and atg11 mutants and their double mutants at the physiological, biochemical, and subcel- lular levels. Involvement of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) in autophagy was also tested using wortmannin, a PI3K inhibitor. Our mutant analysis using autophagy markers showed that atg7 and atg2 phenotypes are more severe than those of atg11 and atg9. Unlike other mutants, atg2 cells accumulated several autophagic vesicles that could not be delivered to the vacuole. Analysis of atg double mutants, combined with wortmannin treatment, indicated that ATG11, PI3K, and ATG9 act upstream of ATG2. Our data support a model in which plant

Journal

Plant Cell ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 19, 2018

References

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