Autophagy inhibitors reduce avian-reovirus-mediated apoptosis in cultured cells and in chicken embryos

Autophagy inhibitors reduce avian-reovirus-mediated apoptosis in cultured cells and in chicken... Avian reovirus (ARV)-induced apoptosis contributes to the pathogenesis of reovirus in infected chickens. However, methods for effectively reducing ARV-triggered apoptosis remain to be explored. Here, we show that pretreatment with chloroquine (CQ) or E64d plus pepstatin A decreases ARV-mediated apoptosis in chicken DF-1 cells. By acting as autophagy inhibitors, CQ and E64d plus pepstatin A increase microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3-II (LC3II) accumulation in ARV-infected cells, which results in decreased ARV protein synthesis and virus yield and thereby contributes to the reduction of apoptosis. Furthermore, ARV-mediated apoptosis in the bursa, heart and intestines of chicken embryos is attenuated by CQ and E64d plus pepstatin A treatment. Importantly, treatment with these autophagy inhibitors increases the survival of infected chicken embryos. Together, our data suggest that pharmacological inhibition of autophagy might represent a novel strategy for reducing ARV-mediated apoptosis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Autophagy inhibitors reduce avian-reovirus-mediated apoptosis in cultured cells and in chicken embryos

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-015-2415-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Avian reovirus (ARV)-induced apoptosis contributes to the pathogenesis of reovirus in infected chickens. However, methods for effectively reducing ARV-triggered apoptosis remain to be explored. Here, we show that pretreatment with chloroquine (CQ) or E64d plus pepstatin A decreases ARV-mediated apoptosis in chicken DF-1 cells. By acting as autophagy inhibitors, CQ and E64d plus pepstatin A increase microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3-II (LC3II) accumulation in ARV-infected cells, which results in decreased ARV protein synthesis and virus yield and thereby contributes to the reduction of apoptosis. Furthermore, ARV-mediated apoptosis in the bursa, heart and intestines of chicken embryos is attenuated by CQ and E64d plus pepstatin A treatment. Importantly, treatment with these autophagy inhibitors increases the survival of infected chicken embryos. Together, our data suggest that pharmacological inhibition of autophagy might represent a novel strategy for reducing ARV-mediated apoptosis.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 1, 2015

References

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