Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely used analgesic and antipyretic drug. APAP overdose can induce acute liver injury in humans, which is responsible for approximately 50% of total cases of acute liver failure in the United States and some European countries. Currently, the metabolism of APAP in the body has been extensively investigated; however, the exact mechanisms for APAP hepatotoxicity are not well understood. Recent studies have shown that mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and inflammatory responses play a critical role in the pathogenesis of APAP hepatotoxicity. Autophagy is a catabolic machinery aimed at recycling cellular components and damaged organelles in response to a variety of stimuli, such as nutrient deprivation and toxic stress. Increasing evidence supports that autophagy is involved in the pathophysiological process of APAP-induced liver injury. In this review, we summarized the changes of autophagy in the liver following APAP intoxication and discussed the role and its possible mechanisms of autophagy in APAP hepatotoxicity. Furthermore, this review highlights the crosstalk between mitophagy, oxidative stress and inflammation in APAP-induced liver injury and presents some possible molecular mechanisms by which activated autophagy protects against APAP-induced liver injury.
Archives of Toxicology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera