An approach is described for automatic assessment of crop and weed area in images of widely spaced (0.25 m) cereal crops, captured from a tractor mounted camera. A form of vegetative index, which is invariant over the range of natural daylight illumination, was computed from the red, green and blue channels of a conventional CCD camera. The transformed image can be segmented into soil and vegetative components using a single fixed threshold. A previously reported algorithm was applied to robustly locate the crop rows. Assessment zones were automatically positioned; for crop growth directly over the crop rows, and for weed growth between the rows. The proportion of crop and weed pixels counted was compared with a manual assessment of area density on the basis of high resolution plan view photographs of the same area; this was performed for views with a range of crop and weed levels. The correlation of the manual and automatic measures was examined, and used to obtain a calibration for the automatic approach. The results of mapping of a small field, at two times, are presented. The results of the automated mapping appear to be consistent with manual assessment.
Precision Agriculture – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 24, 2005
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