Autocorrelation analysis of the infrared spectra of synthetic and biogenic carbonates along the calcite–dolomite join

Autocorrelation analysis of the infrared spectra of synthetic and biogenic carbonates along the... Autocorrelation analysis of infrared spectra can provide insights on the strain energy associated with cation substitutions along a solid-solution compositional join which to date has been applied primarily to silicate minerals. In this study, the method is applied to carbonates synthesized at 10 mol% increments along the calcite–dolomite (CaCO3–CaMg(CO3)2) join in the range of 1000–1150 °C and 0.6–2.5 GPa for the purpose of determining how the band broadening in both the far- and mid-infrared ranges, as represented by the autocorrelation parameter δΔCorr, compares with the existing enthalpy of mixing data for this join. It was found that the carbonate internal vibration ν2 (out-of-plane bending) in the mid-infrared range, and the sum of the three internal vibration modes ν4 + ν2 + ν3 most closely matched the enthalpy of mixing data for the synthetic carbonates. Autocorrelation analysis of a series of biogenic carbonates in the mid-infrared range showed only a systematic variation for the ν2 band. Using the biogenic carbonate with the lowest Mg content for reference, the trend in δΔCorr for biogenic carbonates shows a steady increase with increasing Mg content suggesting a steady increase in solubility with Mg content. The results from this study indicate that autocorrelation analysis of carbonates in the mid-infrared range provides an independent and reliable assessment of the crystallographic strain energy of carbonates. In particular, inorganic carbonates in the range of 0–17 mol% MgCO3 experience a minimum in strain energy and a corresponding minimum in the enthalpy of mixing, whereas biogenic carbonates show a steady increase in strain energy with increasing MgCO3 content. In the event of increasing ocean acidification, biogenic carbonates in the range of 0–17 mol% MgCO3 will dissolve more readily than the compositionally equivalent inorganic carbonates. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physics and Chemistry of Minerals Springer Journals

Autocorrelation analysis of the infrared spectra of synthetic and biogenic carbonates along the calcite–dolomite join

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Earth Sciences; Mineralogy; Crystallography and Scattering Methods; Geochemistry; Mineral Resources
ISSN
0342-1791
eISSN
1432-2021
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00269-018-0942-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Autocorrelation analysis of infrared spectra can provide insights on the strain energy associated with cation substitutions along a solid-solution compositional join which to date has been applied primarily to silicate minerals. In this study, the method is applied to carbonates synthesized at 10 mol% increments along the calcite–dolomite (CaCO3–CaMg(CO3)2) join in the range of 1000–1150 °C and 0.6–2.5 GPa for the purpose of determining how the band broadening in both the far- and mid-infrared ranges, as represented by the autocorrelation parameter δΔCorr, compares with the existing enthalpy of mixing data for this join. It was found that the carbonate internal vibration ν2 (out-of-plane bending) in the mid-infrared range, and the sum of the three internal vibration modes ν4 + ν2 + ν3 most closely matched the enthalpy of mixing data for the synthetic carbonates. Autocorrelation analysis of a series of biogenic carbonates in the mid-infrared range showed only a systematic variation for the ν2 band. Using the biogenic carbonate with the lowest Mg content for reference, the trend in δΔCorr for biogenic carbonates shows a steady increase with increasing Mg content suggesting a steady increase in solubility with Mg content. The results from this study indicate that autocorrelation analysis of carbonates in the mid-infrared range provides an independent and reliable assessment of the crystallographic strain energy of carbonates. In particular, inorganic carbonates in the range of 0–17 mol% MgCO3 experience a minimum in strain energy and a corresponding minimum in the enthalpy of mixing, whereas biogenic carbonates show a steady increase in strain energy with increasing MgCO3 content. In the event of increasing ocean acidification, biogenic carbonates in the range of 0–17 mol% MgCO3 will dissolve more readily than the compositionally equivalent inorganic carbonates.

Journal

Physics and Chemistry of MineralsSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 19, 2018

References

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