Attentional Bias and Its Modification in Contamination OCD Symptomatology

Attentional Bias and Its Modification in Contamination OCD Symptomatology Attentional biases, particularly difficulty disengaging, have been found in contamination obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) and may be a maintaining factor. Attentional bias modification (ABM) may reduce this bias and avoidance behavior. This study examined attentional biases in 54 individuals with contamination OCD symptomatology and whether ABM reduces biases and symptoms. Participants completed one 30 min session of either ABM training or a control task and a spatial cueing task before and after to assess attentional bias. Questionnaires and behavioral tasks were also completed. Participants returned for a follow up 1 month later. As expected, there was evidence of difficulty disengaging from threats directly and indirectly associated with disease. Attention training led to a reduction in this bias, which was maintained for 1 month. However, there was no improvement in avoidance or contamination fear on a behavioral task, contamination OCD symptoms, safety behaviors and anxiety. Implications for treatment of OCD are discussed. Keywords Obsessive–compulsive disorder · Contamination fear · Attentional bias · Difficulty disengaging · Attentional bias modification Introduction the thoughts. This subtype is associated with the emotion of disgust and obsessive beliefs regarding the overestimation Attentional biases are prominent in anxiety disorders and of the probability and severity of becoming contaminated may serve as a causal and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cognitive Therapy and Research Springer Journals

Attentional Bias and Its Modification in Contamination OCD Symptomatology

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Quality of Life Research; Clinical Psychology; Cognitive Psychology
ISSN
0147-5916
eISSN
1573-2819
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10608-018-9927-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Attentional biases, particularly difficulty disengaging, have been found in contamination obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) and may be a maintaining factor. Attentional bias modification (ABM) may reduce this bias and avoidance behavior. This study examined attentional biases in 54 individuals with contamination OCD symptomatology and whether ABM reduces biases and symptoms. Participants completed one 30 min session of either ABM training or a control task and a spatial cueing task before and after to assess attentional bias. Questionnaires and behavioral tasks were also completed. Participants returned for a follow up 1 month later. As expected, there was evidence of difficulty disengaging from threats directly and indirectly associated with disease. Attention training led to a reduction in this bias, which was maintained for 1 month. However, there was no improvement in avoidance or contamination fear on a behavioral task, contamination OCD symptoms, safety behaviors and anxiety. Implications for treatment of OCD are discussed. Keywords Obsessive–compulsive disorder · Contamination fear · Attentional bias · Difficulty disengaging · Attentional bias modification Introduction the thoughts. This subtype is associated with the emotion of disgust and obsessive beliefs regarding the overestimation Attentional biases are prominent in anxiety disorders and of the probability and severity of becoming contaminated may serve as a causal and

Journal

Cognitive Therapy and ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2018

References

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