P2U/2Y-receptors elicit multiple signaling in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, including a transient increase of [Ca2+] i , activation of phospholipases C (PLC) and A2 (PLA2), protein kinase C (PKC) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). This study examines the involvement of these signaling pathways in the inhibition of Na+,K+,Cl− cotransport in MDCK cells by ATP. The level of ATP-induced inhibition of this carrier (∼50% of control values) was insensitive to cholera and pertussis toxins, to the PKC inhibitor calphostin C, to the cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinase inhibitors, H-89 and H-8 as well as to the inhibitor of serine-threonine type 1 and 2A phosphoprotein phosphatases okadaic acid. ATP led to a transient increase of [Ca2+]i that was abolished by a chelator of Ca2+ i , BAPTA. However, neither BAPTA nor the Ca2+ ionophore A231287, or an inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-pump, thapsigargin, modified ATP-induced inhibition of Na+,K+,Cl− cotransport. An inhibitor of PLC, U73122, and an inhibitor of MAPK kinase (MEK), PD98059, blocked ATP-induced inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate production and MAPK phosphorylation, respectively. However, these compounds did not modify the effect of ATP on Na+,K+,Cl− cotransport activity. Inhibitors of PLA2 (AACOCF3), cycloxygenase (indomethacin) and lypoxygenase (NDGA) as well as exogenous arachidonic acid also did not affect ATP-induced inhibition of Na+,K+,Cl− cotransport. Inhibition of the carrier by ATP persisted in the presence of inhibitors of epithelial Na+ channels (amiloride), Cl− channels (NPPB) and Na+/H+ exchanger (EIPA) and was insensitive to cell volume modulation in anisosmotic media and to depletion of cells with monovalent ions, thus ruling out the role of other ion transporters in purinoceptor-induced inhibition of Na+,K+,Cl− cotransport. Our data demonstrate that none of the known purinoceptor-stimulated signaling pathways mediate ATP-induced inhibition of Na+,K+,Cl− cotransport and suggest the presence of a novel P2-receptor-coupled signaling mechanism.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 15, 1999
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