Atomic structures of TDP-43 LCD segments and insights into reversible or pathogenic aggregation

Atomic structures of TDP-43 LCD segments and insights into reversible or pathogenic aggregation The normally soluble TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) is found aggregated both in reversible stress granules and in irreversible pathogenic amyloid. In TDP-43, the low-complexity domain (LCD) is believed to be involved in both types of aggregation. To uncover the structural origins of these two modes of β-sheet-rich aggregation, we have determined ten structures of segments of the LCD of human TDP-43. Six of these segments form steric zippers characteristic of the spines of pathogenic amyloid fibrils; four others form LARKS, the labile amyloid-like interactions characteristic of protein hydrogels and proteins found in membraneless organelles, including stress granules. Supporting a hypothetical pathway from reversible to irreversible amyloid aggregation, we found that familial ALS variants of TDP-43 convert LARKS to irreversible aggregates. Our structures suggest how TDP-43 adopts both reversible and irreversible β-sheet aggregates and the role of mutation in the possible transition of reversible to irreversible pathogenic aggregation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nature Structural & Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Atomic structures of TDP-43 LCD segments and insights into reversible or pathogenic aggregation

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Publisher
Nature Publishing Group US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Author(s)
Subject
Life Sciences; Life Sciences, general; Biochemistry, general; Protein Structure; Membrane Biology; Biological Microscopy
ISSN
1545-9993
eISSN
1545-9985
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41594-018-0064-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The normally soluble TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) is found aggregated both in reversible stress granules and in irreversible pathogenic amyloid. In TDP-43, the low-complexity domain (LCD) is believed to be involved in both types of aggregation. To uncover the structural origins of these two modes of β-sheet-rich aggregation, we have determined ten structures of segments of the LCD of human TDP-43. Six of these segments form steric zippers characteristic of the spines of pathogenic amyloid fibrils; four others form LARKS, the labile amyloid-like interactions characteristic of protein hydrogels and proteins found in membraneless organelles, including stress granules. Supporting a hypothetical pathway from reversible to irreversible amyloid aggregation, we found that familial ALS variants of TDP-43 convert LARKS to irreversible aggregates. Our structures suggest how TDP-43 adopts both reversible and irreversible β-sheet aggregates and the role of mutation in the possible transition of reversible to irreversible pathogenic aggregation.

Journal

Nature Structural & Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 21, 2018

References

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