AtObgC, a plant ortholog of bacterial Obg, is a chloroplast-targeting GTPase essential for early embryogenesis

AtObgC, a plant ortholog of bacterial Obg, is a chloroplast-targeting GTPase essential for early... Obg is a ribosome-associated GTPase essential for bacterial viability and is conserved in most organisms, from bacteria to eukaryotes. Obg is also expressed in plants, which predicts an important role for this molecule in plant viability; however, the functions of the plant Obg homologs have not been reported. Here, we first identified Arabidopsis AtObgC as a plant chloroplast-targeting Obg and elucidated its molecular biological and physiological properties. AtObgC encodes a plant-specific Obg GTPase that contains an N-terminal region for chloroplast targeting and has intrinsic GTP hydrolysis activity. A targeting assay using a few AtObgC N-terminal truncation mutants revealed that AtObgC localizes to chloroplasts and its transit peptide consists of more than 50 amino acid residues. Interestingly, GFP-fused full-length AtObgC exhibited a punctate staining pattern in chloroplasts of Arabidopsis protoplasts, which suggests a dimerization or multimerization of AtObgC. Moreover, its Obg fold was indispensable for the generation of the punctate staining pattern, and thus, was supposed to be important for such oligomerization of AtObgC by mediating the protein–protein interaction. In addition, the T-DNA insertion AtObgC null mutant exhibited an embryonic lethal phenotype that disturbed the early stage of embryogenesis. Altogether, our results provide a significant implication that AtObgC as a chloroplast targeting GTPase plays an important role at the early embryogenesis by exerting its function in chloroplast protein synthesis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

AtObgC, a plant ortholog of bacterial Obg, is a chloroplast-targeting GTPase essential for early embryogenesis

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/atobgc-a-plant-ortholog-of-bacterial-obg-is-a-chloroplast-targeting-4y0svKcLcl
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-009-9529-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Obg is a ribosome-associated GTPase essential for bacterial viability and is conserved in most organisms, from bacteria to eukaryotes. Obg is also expressed in plants, which predicts an important role for this molecule in plant viability; however, the functions of the plant Obg homologs have not been reported. Here, we first identified Arabidopsis AtObgC as a plant chloroplast-targeting Obg and elucidated its molecular biological and physiological properties. AtObgC encodes a plant-specific Obg GTPase that contains an N-terminal region for chloroplast targeting and has intrinsic GTP hydrolysis activity. A targeting assay using a few AtObgC N-terminal truncation mutants revealed that AtObgC localizes to chloroplasts and its transit peptide consists of more than 50 amino acid residues. Interestingly, GFP-fused full-length AtObgC exhibited a punctate staining pattern in chloroplasts of Arabidopsis protoplasts, which suggests a dimerization or multimerization of AtObgC. Moreover, its Obg fold was indispensable for the generation of the punctate staining pattern, and thus, was supposed to be important for such oligomerization of AtObgC by mediating the protein–protein interaction. In addition, the T-DNA insertion AtObgC null mutant exhibited an embryonic lethal phenotype that disturbed the early stage of embryogenesis. Altogether, our results provide a significant implication that AtObgC as a chloroplast targeting GTPase plays an important role at the early embryogenesis by exerting its function in chloroplast protein synthesis.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 28, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off