AtMKK1 and AtMPK6 are involved in abscisic acid and sugar signaling in Arabidopsis seed germination

AtMKK1 and AtMPK6 are involved in abscisic acid and sugar signaling in Arabidopsis seed germination Abscisic acid (ABA) and sugars have been well established to be crucial factors controlling seed germination of Arabidopsis. Here we demonstrate that AtMKK1 and AtMPK6 are both critical signals involved in ABA and sugar-regulated seed germination. Wild type plants depended on stratification and after-ripening for seed germination, whereas this dependence on either stratification or after-ripening was not required for mutants of mkk1 and mpk6 as well as their double mutant mkk1 mpk6. While seed germination of wild type plants was sensitively inhibited by ABA and glucose, mkk1, mpk6 and mkk1 mpk6 were all strongly resistant to ABA or glucose treatments, and in contrast, plants overexpressing MKK1 or MPK6 were super-sensitive to ABA and glucose. Glucose treatment significantly induced increases in MKK1 and MPK6 activities. These results clearly indicate that MKK1 and MPK6 are involved in the ABA and sugar signaling in the process of seed germination. Further experiments showed that glucose was capable of inducing ABA biosynthesis by up-regulating NCED3 and ABA2, and furthermore, this up-regulation of NCED3 and ABA2 was arrested in the mkk1 mpk6 double mutant, indicating that the inhibition of seed germination by glucose is potentially resulted from sugar-induced up-regulation of the ABA level. Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

AtMKK1 and AtMPK6 are involved in abscisic acid and sugar signaling in Arabidopsis seed germination

Loading next page...
Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial