Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection has become one of the major threats to children globally in recent years. Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) plays an essential role in host defense against EV71 infection. This study was designed to assess the possible association between the TLR3c.1377C/T polymorphism and disease severity in Chinese children with EV71 infection. The TLR3c.1377C/T gene polymorphism was identified in EV71-infected patients (n = 177), including mild cases (n = 99) and severe cases (n = 78) as well as healthy controls (n = 225), using improved multiplex ligation detection reaction (iMLDR) technology. Serum levels of IFN-γ and IL-4 were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The presence of the TT genotype (p = 0.030) and the T allele (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.2-2.8; p = 0.010) was significantly more frequent in severe cases. The plasma levels of IFN-γ and the IFN-γ/IL-4 ratio were significantly lower with the TT (102.0 ± 24.2 pg/mL, p < 0.01 and 14.2 ± 2.8, p < 0.001) and CT genotypes (114.1 ± 26.2 pg/mL, p < 0.05 and 18.0 ± 3.1, p < 0.001) than with the CC genotype (135.5 ± 36.8 pg/mL and 24.9 ± 4.7), but the plasma levels of IL-4 with the TT (7.3 ± 1.7 pg/mL, p < 0.01) and CT genotypes (6.4 ± 1.3 pg/mL, p < 0.05) were significantly higher than with the CC genotype (5.5 ±1.3 pg/mL). These findings suggest that the TLR3c.1377T allele is associated with susceptibility to severe EV71 infection in Chinese children.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 11, 2017
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