Association of leptin gene polymorphisms with serum leptin concentration in dairy cows

Association of leptin gene polymorphisms with serum leptin concentration in dairy cows Leptin is a hormone produced by adipocytes, and its expression is regulated by body fatness and energy balance. This study describes the association of four leptin gene polymorphisms in dairy cows (R4C, A59V, RFLP1, and BM1500) with circulating leptin concentrations during the periparturient period. A59V is located at a between-species conserved region of leptin, and R4C might have effect on the tertiary structure of the leptin protein because of the presence of an extra cystein. RFLP1 is an intronic SNP and BM1500 is a microsatellite located 3.6 kb downstream of the leptin locus. The four polymorphisms were genotyped in 323 HF heifers with known pedigree. Leptin concentrations were determined biweekly from 30 days before until 80 days after parturition. The effect of genotype on leptin concentrations was modeled by fitting a spline in ASREML describing leptin concentrations as a function of days relative to parturition for each genotype/allele. Surprisingly, associations were found during pregnancy, but not during lactation. This indicates that the polymorphism could be more effective during pregnancy. If further studies demonstrate that more leptin-binding protein (Ob-Re) is present in this stage, it is hypothesized that a structural difference in the leptin protein could cause a sub-optimal binding stringency to Ob-Re. Free leptin could be cleared faster than bound leptin, and this could result in lower leptin concentrations during pregnancy for the polymorphism. The effects found might be ascribed to R4C. However, more study on the Ob-Re receptor, like binding stringencies between R4C and wild-type leptin and glycosylation during pregnancy, would provide more insight in the results found. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Association of leptin gene polymorphisms with serum leptin concentration in dairy cows

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/association-of-leptin-gene-polymorphisms-with-serum-leptin-uSXrhjqVOp
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Philosophy
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-003-2275-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial