Leptin is a hormone produced by adipocytes, and its expression is regulated by body fatness and energy balance. This study describes the association of four leptin gene polymorphisms in dairy cows (R4C, A59V, RFLP1, and BM1500) with circulating leptin concentrations during the periparturient period. A59V is located at a between-species conserved region of leptin, and R4C might have effect on the tertiary structure of the leptin protein because of the presence of an extra cystein. RFLP1 is an intronic SNP and BM1500 is a microsatellite located 3.6 kb downstream of the leptin locus. The four polymorphisms were genotyped in 323 HF heifers with known pedigree. Leptin concentrations were determined biweekly from 30 days before until 80 days after parturition. The effect of genotype on leptin concentrations was modeled by fitting a spline in ASREML describing leptin concentrations as a function of days relative to parturition for each genotype/allele. Surprisingly, associations were found during pregnancy, but not during lactation. This indicates that the polymorphism could be more effective during pregnancy. If further studies demonstrate that more leptin-binding protein (Ob-Re) is present in this stage, it is hypothesized that a structural difference in the leptin protein could cause a sub-optimal binding stringency to Ob-Re. Free leptin could be cleared faster than bound leptin, and this could result in lower leptin concentrations during pregnancy for the polymorphism. The effects found might be ascribed to R4C. However, more study on the Ob-Re receptor, like binding stringencies between R4C and wild-type leptin and glycosylation during pregnancy, would provide more insight in the results found.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 9, 2003
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera