Association of jacalin-related lectins with wheat responses to stresses revealed by transcriptional profiling

Association of jacalin-related lectins with wheat responses to stresses revealed by... Jacalin-related lectins (JRLs) are carbohydrate-binding proteins widely present in plants and have one or more jacalin domains in common. However, JRLs’ structural types and functions are still poorly understood. In the present study, a total of 67 wheat (Triticum aestivum) JRL genes were identified through an exhausted search of EST database coupling with genome walking using published 454 sequence reads of Chinese Spring. A comparison of the translated wheat JRL proteins with those from other plants showed plant JRLs generally had low sequence similarity within and between species but exhibited conserved modular domain structures. More JRL genes encoded multiple jacalin domains in Arabidopsis thaliana, whereas more genes encoded chimeric JRLs in cereal plants. Dirigent domain-containing JRL genes were Poaceae-specific and accounted for nearly half of the identified wheat JRL genes. The dirigent domains were evolutionarily significantly correlated with the covalently linked jacalin domains. A phylogenetic analysis showed JRL proteins have experienced a substantial diversification after speciation. Moreover, new structural features conserved across the taxa were identified. Digital expression analysis and RT-PCR assays showed the expression of wheat JRL genes was largely tissue specific, typically low, and mostly inducible by biotic and abiotic stresses and stress hormones. These results suggest plant JRLs are critical for plant adaptation to stressful environments. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Association of jacalin-related lectins with wheat responses to stresses revealed by transcriptional profiling

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-013-0121-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Jacalin-related lectins (JRLs) are carbohydrate-binding proteins widely present in plants and have one or more jacalin domains in common. However, JRLs’ structural types and functions are still poorly understood. In the present study, a total of 67 wheat (Triticum aestivum) JRL genes were identified through an exhausted search of EST database coupling with genome walking using published 454 sequence reads of Chinese Spring. A comparison of the translated wheat JRL proteins with those from other plants showed plant JRLs generally had low sequence similarity within and between species but exhibited conserved modular domain structures. More JRL genes encoded multiple jacalin domains in Arabidopsis thaliana, whereas more genes encoded chimeric JRLs in cereal plants. Dirigent domain-containing JRL genes were Poaceae-specific and accounted for nearly half of the identified wheat JRL genes. The dirigent domains were evolutionarily significantly correlated with the covalently linked jacalin domains. A phylogenetic analysis showed JRL proteins have experienced a substantial diversification after speciation. Moreover, new structural features conserved across the taxa were identified. Digital expression analysis and RT-PCR assays showed the expression of wheat JRL genes was largely tissue specific, typically low, and mostly inducible by biotic and abiotic stresses and stress hormones. These results suggest plant JRLs are critical for plant adaptation to stressful environments.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 20, 2013

References

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