Polymorphisms of the prolactin (bPRL) and growth hormone (bGH) genes were studied comparatively in the Russian and German Black-and-White and Yaroslavl cattle breeds. Two polymorphisms were studied for each gene. In the case of the bPRL gene, the polymorphism of the 5′-untranslated region was examined by microsatellite analysis and the RsaI polymorphism of exon 3, by RFLP analysis. In the case of the bGH gene, the MspI polymorphism of intron III and the AluI polymorphism of exon 5 were assessed by RFLP analysis. Differences in allele and genotype frequencies were observed both between and within breeds. The heterozygosity at the RsaI marker was low (9.4%) in the Russian Black-and-White breed; that at the microsatellite of the bPRL gene was low (3.2–24%) in all breeds examined. Homozygotes BB at the bPRL gene, which had not been reported earlier for European cattle breeds, were detected in the German Black-and-White and Yaroslavl breeds (at frequencies 0.16 and 0.13, respectively). The frequency of allele MspI(−) of the bGH gene in the Yaroslavl breed was extremely low (0.02), comparable only with that of the Holstein cattle (0.02). The heterozygosity at the AluI polymorphism was higher than at the MspI polymorphism of the bGH gene and reached 55% in the Yaroslavl breed. Genotype BB of the RsaI polymorphism of the bPRL gene tended to show a negative association with the fat content in milk. The genotypes of the AluI polymorphism of the bGH gene were associated with the fat content in milk in the Yaroslavl (F=4.56, P=0.013) and German Black-and-White (F=4.1, P=0.041) breeds: the highest fat content in milk was observed in the subsample of cows with heterozygous genotype VL.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 15, 2005
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