Association of DNA polymorphisms of the growth hormone and prolactin genes with milk productivity in Yaroslavl and Black-and-White cattle

Association of DNA polymorphisms of the growth hormone and prolactin genes with milk productivity... Polymorphisms of the prolactin (bPRL) and growth hormone (bGH) genes were studied comparatively in the Russian and German Black-and-White and Yaroslavl cattle breeds. Two polymorphisms were studied for each gene. In the case of the bPRL gene, the polymorphism of the 5′-untranslated region was examined by microsatellite analysis and the RsaI polymorphism of exon 3, by RFLP analysis. In the case of the bGH gene, the MspI polymorphism of intron III and the AluI polymorphism of exon 5 were assessed by RFLP analysis. Differences in allele and genotype frequencies were observed both between and within breeds. The heterozygosity at the RsaI marker was low (9.4%) in the Russian Black-and-White breed; that at the microsatellite of the bPRL gene was low (3.2–24%) in all breeds examined. Homozygotes BB at the bPRL gene, which had not been reported earlier for European cattle breeds, were detected in the German Black-and-White and Yaroslavl breeds (at frequencies 0.16 and 0.13, respectively). The frequency of allele MspI(−) of the bGH gene in the Yaroslavl breed was extremely low (0.02), comparable only with that of the Holstein cattle (0.02). The heterozygosity at the AluI polymorphism was higher than at the MspI polymorphism of the bGH gene and reached 55% in the Yaroslavl breed. Genotype BB of the RsaI polymorphism of the bPRL gene tended to show a negative association with the fat content in milk. The genotypes of the AluI polymorphism of the bGH gene were associated with the fat content in milk in the Yaroslavl (F=4.56, P=0.013) and German Black-and-White (F=4.1, P=0.041) breeds: the highest fat content in milk was observed in the subsample of cows with heterozygous genotype VL. Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Association of DNA polymorphisms of the growth hormone and prolactin genes with milk productivity in Yaroslavl and Black-and-White cattle

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2005 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial