Int Urogynecol J (2018) 29:441–448 DOI 10.1007/s00192-017-3407-3 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Association between vaginal bulge and anatomical pelvic organ prolapse during pregnancy and postpartum: an observational study 1 1 1,2 Cathrine Reimers & Jette E. Stær-Jensen & Franziska Siafarikas & 3 1,2 Kari Bø & Marie Ellström Engh Received: 16 December 2016 /Accepted: 19 June 2017 /Published online: 11 July 2017 The International Urogynecological Association 2017, corrected publication January/2018 Abstract and anatomical POP at the various visits was analyzed using Introduction and hypothesis Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is Fisher’s exact test. defined as the coexistence of anatomical POP and relevant Results Prevalence of vaginal bulge ranged between 16 and symptoms. Vaginal bulge is the symptom most closely asso- 23%. At 6 weeks postpartum the symptom was associated ciated with the anatomical condition in nonpregnant women. with anatomical POP; otherwise, these two features were Even if childbearing is a major risk factor for the development unrelated. Conclusions The symptom vaginal bulge was barely associ- of POP, there is scant knowledge on the prevalence of specific POP symptoms, and how these symptoms relate to anatomical ated with anatomical POP, and cannot identify anatomical POP in pregnancy or postpartum. POP during pregnancy and postpartum.
International Urogynecology Journal – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 11, 2017
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