A swine resource family was constructed at the National Institute of Animal Industry, Japan, in order to determine the genetic regions responsible for economically important traits, including fetus development. To identify genes expressed in the early stage of embryo development, we cataloged and mapped genes expressed in a 28-day-old normal pig embryo. In this effort, we have mapped 64 genes, which have map information in human genome onto a swine radiation hybrid (RH) map, IMpRH. These mappings provided additional chromosomal homologies between swine and human to improve the comparative map between the two species. The distribution of the genes assigned to swine chromosomes are as follows: 9 genes were assigned on SSC6; 6 genes each assigned on SSC5 and SSC14; 5 genes each assigned on SSC3, SSC4, and SSC8; 4 genes each assigned on SSC1, SSC7, SSC9, and SSC15; 3 genes each assigned on SSC2, SSC13 and SSCX; and 1 gene each assigned on SSC10, SSC11, and SSC16. Moreover, the present findings revealed 18 new chromosomal homologies between pig and human. Briefly, SSC3 regions were indicated to correspond with HSA1 and HSA10; SSC4 with HSA6; SSC5 with HSA2, HSA15, and HSA16; SSC6 with HSA3, HSA6, and HSA20; SSC7 with HSA11; SSC8 with HSA3, HSA6, and HSA7; SSC9 with HSA8; SSC13 with HSA1; SSC14 with HSA13; SSC15 with HSA19; SSC16 with HSA9.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 1, 2001
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