Environ Geochem Health https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-018-0127-7 OR IGINAL PAPER Assessment of trace element contamination of urban surface soil at informal industrial sites in a low-income country . . . Artwell Kanda France Ncube Tamuka Hwende Peter Makumbe Received: 6 December 2017 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Trace elements released by human activity soil with Cd, Cu and Pb particularly where the are ubiquitously detected in surface soil. The trace following activities were done: (1) welding, (2) element contamination statuses of 20 sampling sta- automobile maintenance and (3) waste dumping. tions at two busy informal industrial sites of Harare These results may be very important to reduce soil city, Zimbabwe, were evaluated using geochemical contamination. Paving surfaces may help to reduce indices. Spectrophotometric determinations of con- dispersal of trace elements deposited on surface soil to centrations of trace elements in surface soil indicated other stations and minimise human exposure via generally higher values than the reference site and the inhalation and contact. average upper earth’s crust. High contamination factors were observed for trace elements across Keywords Informal industry Potential ecological sampling stations at Gazaland and Siyaso informal risk Trace element
Environmental Geochemistry and Health – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
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