The results of an integrated examination of the state of the scallopMizuhopecten yessoensis in Alekseeva Bight (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan) are presented. In mollusks of different ages, shell height was measured; in animals of commercial size (over 100 mm), some size and weight characteristics (annual increment of shell and adductor muscle and soft tissue weight) were determined. The morphology of the digestive gland and gills was studied. In the adductor muscle and digestive gland, the concentration of heavy metals (HMs) (Hg, Cu, Zn, Mn, Pb, Cd, Ni, Co, and Cr) was determined. In the digestive gland, metallothionein and reduced glutathione concentration was also determined, as was the activity of glutathione-dependent enzymes (glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase). In scallops collected outside Alekseeva Bight, the linear growth rate and adductor muscle weight were on average 1.3 and 1.7 times greater, respectively, than in those collected in the bight. In scallop organs, numerous histomorphological alterations were revealed: digestive cell vacuolization and hemocyte infiltration of the digestive gland, hyperplasia and vacuolization of the respiratory epithelium, and connective tissue hypertrophy in gill filaments. The biochemical parameters of scallops from Alekseeva Bight differed substantially from those of mollusks collected outside the bight. We conclude that one of the factors negatively affecting the state of theM. yessoensis population in Alekseeva Bight is the contamination of the bight with HMs, especially mercury. This is consistent with the results of chemical analysis of bottom sediments and tissues of two mytilid species,Modiolus kurilensis andCrenomytilus grayanus, specimens of which were collected in the bight together with the scallops .
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 18, 2007
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