Assessment of the spatial variability of anthocyanins in grapes using a fluorescence sensor: relationships with vine vigour and yield

Assessment of the spatial variability of anthocyanins in grapes using a fluorescence sensor:... The use of new, rapid and non-invasive sensors in the field allows the collection of many observations which are necessary to assess the spatial variability of berry composition. The aim of this work was to study the spatial variability in anthocyanin content in grapes and to quantify its relationship with the vigour and yield in a commercial vineyard. The study was conducted in a Tempranillo (Vitis vinifera L.) vineyard (Navarra, Spain). A new, hand-held, non-destructive fluorescence-based proximal sensor was used for monitoring the anthocyanin content in grapes at veraison and harvest. Yield, vine vigour, spectral (normalized difference vegetation index and plant cell density) and chlorophyll (SPAD and simple chlorophyll fluorescence ratio) parameters were measured. Yield variability within the vineyard was the largest of all the parameters. Fluorescence-based anthocyanin indices were less variable at harvest than at veraison. The vigour parameters (main shoot length, total shoot length and shoot pruning weight) were positively correlated to yield; the chlorophyll and the spectral indices were negatively correlated with berry anthocyanin production. The correlations between vigour, yield and anthocyanin content in grapes varied substantially in time and space across the vineyard. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Precision Agriculture Springer Journals

Assessment of the spatial variability of anthocyanins in grapes using a fluorescence sensor: relationships with vine vigour and yield

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Agriculture; Soil Science & Conservation; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry; Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences; Atmospheric Sciences
ISSN
1385-2256
eISSN
1573-1618
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11119-012-9261-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The use of new, rapid and non-invasive sensors in the field allows the collection of many observations which are necessary to assess the spatial variability of berry composition. The aim of this work was to study the spatial variability in anthocyanin content in grapes and to quantify its relationship with the vigour and yield in a commercial vineyard. The study was conducted in a Tempranillo (Vitis vinifera L.) vineyard (Navarra, Spain). A new, hand-held, non-destructive fluorescence-based proximal sensor was used for monitoring the anthocyanin content in grapes at veraison and harvest. Yield, vine vigour, spectral (normalized difference vegetation index and plant cell density) and chlorophyll (SPAD and simple chlorophyll fluorescence ratio) parameters were measured. Yield variability within the vineyard was the largest of all the parameters. Fluorescence-based anthocyanin indices were less variable at harvest than at veraison. The vigour parameters (main shoot length, total shoot length and shoot pruning weight) were positively correlated to yield; the chlorophyll and the spectral indices were negatively correlated with berry anthocyanin production. The correlations between vigour, yield and anthocyanin content in grapes varied substantially in time and space across the vineyard.

Journal

Precision AgricultureSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 17, 2012

References

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