The effect of local forcing on the organization of a turbulent separated and reattaching flow was assessed by measuring wall pressure fluctuations. Multi-arrayed microphones were installed on the surface to measure the simultaneous spatial and temporal wall pressure fluctuations. Local forcing at the separation edge was applied to the separated flow over a backward-facing step through a thin slit. The organization of the separated and reattaching flow was found to be greatest at the effective forcing frequency. The flow structure was diagnosed by analyzing several characteristics of the wall pressure fluctuations: the wall pressure fluctuation coefficients, wall pressure spectrum, wavenumber-frequency spectrum, coherence, cross-correlation, and multi-resolution autocorrelations of pressure fluctuations using the maximum overlap discrete wavelet transform and continuous wavelet transform. Features indicative of the amalgamation of vortices under the local forcing were observed; this amalgamation process accounted for the observed reduction of the reattachment length. Examination of the wall pressure fluctuations revealed that introduction of local forcing enhanced flapping motion as well as the streamwise and spanwise dispersions of vortical structures.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2005
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